Medical Emergencies & First Aid

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In case of any injury or illness, call 9-1-1, then Student Health Services at 646-4017 and Security at 646-4099.  Describe the injury/illness and location.  If emergency vehicles are called, direct or ask others to direct vehicles to the location.

GENERAL EMERGENCIES & FIRST AID

Ask the victim (injured/ill), “Are you okay? What’s wrong?” then do the following:

  1. Control serious bleeding by applying direct, firm pressure on the wound. Use paper, plastic wrap or cloth around your hand to prevent blood contact.
  2. Check breathing and give rescue breathing if necessary and if you are trained in CPR.
  3. Keep victim still and warm. Do not offer liquids; help victim to sit or lie down.
  4. Continue to assist and reassure victim until help arrives. Protect victim from all disturbance and do not move them unless necessary to prevent further injury.
  5. Look for emergency ID or medical bracelet.Question witnesses and share this information with emergency crew, the nurse or Security.

MINOR INJURIES/ILLNESS

Provide First Aid care, using available First Aid kit.


FAINTING, UNCONSCIOUSNESS, SHOCK

Upon contacting appropriate services above, do the following:

  1. Have victim lie on back with lower legs elevated, or sit with head lowered toward knees. If unconscious, place victim in a side-lying position.
  2. Do not give liquids; keep victim warm unless obvious heat stroke/exhaustion.
  3. Ask/look for medical identification bracelet; ask witnesses about any known health problems, recent illnesses, etc.
  4. Treat any other injuries with First Aid, as necessary.


BREATHING PROBLEMS, CHOKING

If necessary, contact appropriate services above, then do the following:

  1. Be sure mouth and airway are clear of foreign matter.
  2. Ask about history of asthma if breathing is very effortful; medications for asthma may be in victim’s pocket or bag.
  3. If choking on food particle, give Heimlich maneuver (preferred) or give a strong blow with the heel of your hand to the area between victim’s shoulder blades while victim leans forward. Call 9-1-1 even though recovery seems to be made.


FRACTURE AND SPRAINS

If necessary, contact appropriate services above, then do the following:

  1. Keep victim still and warm; keep injured area immobile.
  2. Stop bleeding if possible with your hand wrapped in paper, cloth or plastic wrap and apply pressure.If more than minor bleeding is present, call 9-1-1.


SEVERE BLEEDING AND WOUNDS

Upon contacting appropriate services above, do the following:

  1. If possible, apply direct pressure to the wound or adjacent major artery if possible, using your hand wrapped in paper, cloth or plastic wrap.Maintain pressure until emergency personnel can tend to victim.
  2. If possible, elevate the injured body part.If bleeding is copious from nose, ear or mouth area, apply pressure externally at the area where nose or ear meets the skull.If bleeding is copious and steady from the genital area, elevate hips and legs.


BURNS: HEAT/CHEMICAL

  1. Immerse or flood burned area with cold water; do not use ice directly on burn.
  2. Cover burn area with a dry bandage; call Student Health Services or Security for assessment and treatment, if needed. Call 9-1-1 if victim goes into shock/can’t respond to you.


SEIZURE/CONVULSION

When a person’s limbs go rigid or jerk violently, eyes roll upward and breath becomes labored, with dribbling or even frothing at the mouth, it can be a frightening event to witness. But during the seizure there is nothing you can do to stop it. Do not restrain the victim; rather clear the area of furniture, potentially harmful objects or tripping hazards.

  1. After the seizure has run its course, help the victim to stay warm.Turning off bright lights and quieting loud noises may be helpful.Remain calm, speaking reassuringly to the person that you will stay with them. Call Student Health Services or Security to assist.NOTE:Individuals with seizure disorders already known to staff usually do NOT require 9-1-1 assistance.Ask instructors, fellow students, and Supportive Services staff for information.
  2. If the muscle jerking/rigidity of the seizure lasts longer than 3 minutes, call 9-1-1.
  3. After a seizure, the person may be conscious but confused and not responsive to your questions. Allow time for gradual recovery, watching for any signs of breathing difficulties or injury that may have occurred during the seizure.


HEART ATTACK or SEVERE CHEST/JAW/THROAT OR LEFT UPPER ARM PAIN

  1. Sitting up is better than lying down; call 9-1-1, then Student Health Services and Security.
  2. Shortness of breath, gasping and/or upper abdominal pain may be signs of heart attack, particularly in people over 50 and in women.Call 9-1-1.
  3. Do not give liquids but keep victim warm. Ask for emergency medical identification, availability of prescription drugs in pocket or bag, or other pertinent information.
  4. If victim becomes unconscious, check for pulse and breath.Initiate CPR, if needed, while AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) is brought to victim (not for use with children under 8 years old unless stated otherwise on AED).Pushing the external button opens and turns on the AED.Pull handle to access electrode pads and apply pads to chest (as per AED unit diagram).The unit will administer corrective shock only if cardiac defibrillation is occurring.(Note: CPR may need to be administered following use of AED).


POISONING, OVERDOSE OF DRUGS

  1. Call 9-1-1, then Student Health Services or Security. Save any bottles or packages near the victim for possible identification as to the poisoning agent.
  2. If choking starts, lower victim’s head when airway is clear. If vomiting, support the victim in a helpful position. If possible, save the vomitus for identification of drugs or poison.